How to Choose the Right Fiber Optic Cables for Your Company

Fiber optic cables were a revolutionary addition to the field of communication in the past decade. They can efficiently transfer data at great speeds and are unaffected by magnetic and electrical fields, making them one of the most effective forms of communication. These fibers are especially useful when handling sensitive or secretive data and can be a boon to keep your business secrets. That is why it is important to choose the right cables to safeguard the fiber optic fibers. These cables are normally one-time installations that provide a lifetime of service.

Multiple cable options are available and you should make the right choice based on a number of factors, including the necessary degree of fiber protection, cost, installation ease, as well as termination of splicing of the cables. Regardless of their design and make, all fiber optic cables share a few common characteristics including plastic coating, fiber coating, metal armor as well as moisture protection. Depending on your needs, you can opt for the right optic fiber cable, taking into consideration the number of fibers you will need. Corporate networks generally use cables with up to 48 fibers or higher.  If you are unsure of how many fibers you should opt for, it is best to choose the maximum number of fibers you can afford in your budget.

Outdoor cables vs. indoor cables

Compared to the cost of installation, optic fibers are quite inexpensive and can come in handy if you need the additional bandwidth with your company’s expansion.  Another essential factor you should choose is whether you want to install indoor or outdoor cables. Most businesses generally opt for a combination of these cables. While both cables are similar in nature, the main difference between these cables is protection from moisture and the elements. Outdoor cables have additional layers to protect the fibers from moisture usually in the form of a dry gel.

Outdoor cables have a thin primary coating and contain very small fibers that are sometimes difficult to work with. Indoor cables on the other hand are tightly buffered with fibers having up to two coatings. While outdoor cables have protective coating of about 250 microns thick, indoor cables boast a secondary coating that can measure up to 900 microns, making the fibers easier to work with. Outdoor cables need to be placed into small plastic tubes for additional protection to aid direct termination while indoor cables can be easily terminated as is.

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